What is a class action?
A class action is a lawsuit that allows a large number of people with a common or identical interest to sue. Class actions allow individuals to bring suit together where the matter in controversy may not be economically feasible to bring as an individual. Class actions usually require common questions of law and fact amongst the class members, the class must be so numerous as to make individual suits impractical, the claims of the class members must be typical and the class representatives must adequately protect the interests of the class.
Many class actions are brought in federal court and are now subject to the Class Action Fairness Act of 2005. This Act reduced the ability of some class actions to be brought and remain in state court and allows the defendants that are being sued to move or remove state class actions to federal court depending on various factors.