Sexual Harassment: Quid Pro Quo
The most recognized form of sexual harassment in the work place is Quid pro quo. This abuse is shaped when an employer or person in a higher position than the victim, uses job security, interest in salary increase or any other employment condition to be traded by a sexual favor stipulation. The denial of this arrangement, or refusal to participate in the sexual advances, could result in job loss or cause any negative effect in your work environment. The best way to recognize Quid pro quo is a situation where you seemingly both benefit “I give you X, if you give me Y” or a situation that seems threatening, “If you don’t give me X, you do not get Y”. This crime is also known as “abuse of power’ and is an encroachment of labor law and classifies as a form of sex discrimination.
Quid pro quo abuse does not only exist in the workplace. Colleges and other levels of academia contain cases of this harassment. Teachers or professors can abuse their power by manipulating students to perform sexual favors to receive higher grades on assignments, collect a college recommendation etc. The school employee can make the student feel as though their educational success is contingent on whether or not the student participates and welcomes the sexual advances. The school in question where this type of sexual abuse has taken place, must take immediate action to cease the abuse and recreate the environment so that students feel safe.
Sometimes this harassment does not seem so obvious in the workplace and isn’t presented in a sexual favor but rather something as innocuous as a lunch, or a cocktail after work hours that you refused. If your decline to an invitation such as these has directly and negatively altered your professional standing at work, you may be a victim of this abuse of power.
Compensation may be awarded to victims of this class of sexual harassment for economic recovery and medical expenses along with any emotional and mental suffering victim endured because of the hostile environment.